Anderson Antunes – Forbes, 10/22/2014
Twelve years ago Brazilians chose Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the first member of the working class to be elected president of Brazil, as the person whom they believed could promote the changes that the country needed in order to become a fairer and better place to live. Lula, who is known by his first name, didn’t disappoint. During his government (2003-2010), Brazil’s economy expanded considerably, although not as much as the world economic growth during the same period, and it was mostly thanks to China’s appetite for Brazil’s commodities.
Millions of Brazilians were lifted out of poverty, and a new middle class emerged, eager to spend money. During Lula’s eight year term, the number of Brazilians with banking accounts went from 70 million to 115 million, increasing from 40% to 59% the percent of the Brazilian population who maintained a relationship with the country’s financial system. The total number of mortgages went from 37,000 in 2003 to 530,000 last year, while today the equivalent of 60% of the country’s GDP is circulating in the economy in the form of loans. Even the number of Brazilian billionaires increased, from only five in 2003 to 65 this year.
However, during Lula’s last years, inflation became a dangerous distraction and industrial production didn’t grow as much as it should have. Add to that the fact that Lula’s successor, Dilma Rousseff, failed dramatically to keep up his good work, blaming a nonexistent world crisis for her poor performance as the commander-in-chief. Investors who once lined up to put money into Brazil’s economy are now looking to other markets. That should change if Rousseff loses her bid for re-election.