August 25, 2014
Raymond Colitt – Bloomberg, 8/25/2014
Forty years ago, Marina Silva was a maid washing dishes in the jungle city of Rio Branco. Today, she is a presidential contender, counting on her personal history to appeal to poorer Brazilians even as she adopts economic positions friendly to business leaders and investors.
Silva’s entry into the contest as a replacement for Eduardo Campos after he died in a plane crash has upended the race, with polls showing her attracting previously undecided voters. To win, she needs to do more: siphon support from President Dilma Rousseff among the poor, who have benefited from 12 years of social welfare under the ruling Workers’ Party.
Silva’s pledges to slow inflation, grant central bank autonomy and undo fiscal policies that led to a sovereign credit downgrade target a different audience: supporters of Senator Aecio Neves, who appeals mostly to more affluent Brazilians. Her personal background positions her to meld this economic-growth agenda with an appeal to poorer voters, said Rafael Cortez, a political analyst at research company Tendencias Consultoria Integrada.
August 20, 2014
Matthew Malinowski and Karen Eeuwens – Bloomberg, 8/20/2014
Brazil’s central bank has eased rules on reserve requirement for a second time this quarter in a bid to boost credit in a slowing economy.
The bank published the rules in today’s Official Gazette, altering rules for payments on non-cash deposits. The changes will channel about 10 billion reais ($4.5 billion) into credit, the bank said in a statement published on its website. The move follows the bank’s decision in July to free up 30 billion reais, according to the statement.
President Dilma Rousseff’s administration is struggling to contain above-target inflation without causing growth to deteriorate further. The central bank has kept the benchmark interest-rate at the highest level since 2012, after lifting the key rate by 375 basis points in the year through April. The moves haven’t improved the economic outlook, according to analysts surveyed by the central bank, who forecast growth will slow and inflation will accelerate this year compared to last year.
August 12, 2014
Brazilian opposition candidate Aecio Neves said on Monday that if elected president he would adopt policies aimed at bringing the inflation rate back to the center of an official target range of 4.5 percent by the end of the four-year presidency.
President Dilma Rousseff’s management of the economy has come under heavy criticism ahead of the election on Oct. 5, but while leading opinion polls show Neves narrowing the gap they still point toward a victory for the incumbent.
Neves said in an interview with GloboNews TV that he would do what is necessary to keep prices in check. The centrist senator also said that he would also seek to lower the target range for inflation.
August 12, 2014
Luciana Otoni – Reuters, 8/11/2014
The Brazilian government could increase domestic fuel prices at refineries by up to 6 percent after the October presidential election, a senior government source told Reuters on Monday.
The official, who asked not to be named because of the sensitivity of the issue, said an increase of between 5.5 percent and 6 percent is a preliminary calculation and aims to help state-run oil company Petroleo Brasileiro (PETR4.SA), known as Petrobras.
President Dilma Rousseff, who is running for re-election on Oct. 5, has kept fuel prices below international levels to curb above-target inflation. That policy has hurt the finances of Petrobras, which is forced to buy fuel at international prices and sell it more cheaply in the local market.
August 8, 2014
David Biller – Bloomberg, 8/8/2014
Brazil’s consumer price increases slowed more than expected in July, as transport and food costs fell in the world’s second-biggest emerging market.
Inflation (BZPIIPCM) as measured by the benchmark IPCA index decelerated to 0.01 percent, the slowest in four years, from 0.40 percent in June, the national statistics agency said today in Rio de Janeiro. That was below all estimates from 46 economists surveyed by Bloomberg, whose median forecast was 0.10 percent.Annual (BZPIIPCY) inflation slowed to 6.50 percent, versus a median estimate of 6.60 percent.
While consumer price increases slowed more than expected, inflation at the top of the target range is hurting consumers’ purchasing power less than two months before presidential elections. President Dilma Rousseff has worked to contain inflation by capping government-regulated prices, while the central bank undertook the longest rate-raising cycle in the world of its benchmark Selic rate.
August 7, 2014
Merco Press, 8/6/2014
“We certainly cannot speak of a crisis,” Tombini told lawmakers at the Senate’s economic affairs committee. “I want inflation to be lower than it is now, but it remains under control.”
Tombini’s remarks are at odds with the view of some economists and investors, who have noted recently that inflation is running above the central bank’s target range and economic growth has ground to a near halt.
President Dilma Rousseff’s main contender in the October presidential election, Senator Aecio Neves, has recently described this outlook as one of “stagflation”.