October 28, 2013
Merco Press News, 10/28/2013
Rousseff said Brazil had made progress in several fields in the past few months, since the government announced measures in response to spontaneous anti-government protests in June. One of the government’s pledges at the time, she said, was to ensure fiscal responsibilities.
Finance Minister Guido Mantega also criticized the IMF report as incoherent and probably compiled by technical personnel not very familiar with Brazil’s measures. Mantega said IMF chief economist Olivier Blanchard was much more in tune with the measures implemented in Brazil.
“The IMF evaluation of Brazil’s fiscal policies and debt management is mistaken and should be revised”, Finance Minister Guido Mantega said.
October 16, 2013
Patricia Rey Mallén – International Business Times, 10/14/2013
As the United States holds its breath waiting for the resolution on the shutdown, so does Latin America. The fiscal crisis that began two weeks ago with the closing of the U.S. government and could culminate in a U.S. debt default in a few days could have disastrous consequences for the United States’ southern neighbors, hurting the currency exchange rates and weakening the region’s growth.
The U.S., still Latin America’s largest trade partner and investor, must decide whether it will raise the debt ceiling, currently at $16.7 trillion, or suspend payments to bondholders. If that were to happen, possibly as soon as October 17, the world economy would suffer another blow, starting in Latin America and the Caribbean.
“The region is in a very complex situation due to the fiscal crisis and the shutdown,” Colombian financial analyst Juan Alberto Pineda told financial newspaper El Economista América. “The signals that are coming out [of Washington] do not look positive for Latin American exports, or an exchange rate that allows the region to compete in global trade.”
September 23, 2013
Estado de S. Paulo, 09/21/2013
Brazil’s primary budget surplus lost value as an indicator of the situation of the country’s public accounts, assessed economist Teresa Ter-Minassian, who believes the country is in danger of “loosing its fiscal compass” due to the accounting maneuvers used to try to keep the indicator within the official target.
Teresa, former director of fiscal affairs for the IMF, criticized the exclusion of expenses and the use of extraordinary revenues to increase the value of the indicator. “The budget surplus accounts for a universe that is becoming smaller and smaller,” she stated.
Read full article in Portuguese here.
August 30, 2013
“Brazil’s economy is recovering gradually from the slowdown that began in mid-2011,” the IMF Executive Board said in its annual assessment of the Brazilian economy on Wednesday.
It hailed the Brazilian government for beginning this year ”to focus on alleviating supply-side constraints (including infrastructure bottlenecks) and containing inflationary pressures by tightening monetary policy”.
IMF board stressed that “comprehensive efforts to boost productivity, competitiveness, and investment are critical for raising potential growth”.
August 9, 2013
Joe Leahy – Financial Times, 08/08/2013
Brazil has called for the IMF-backed rescue programmes for Greece and other southern eurozone countries to be reviewed to make them more economically sustainable.
The call from finance minister Guido Mantega came as he sought to explain Brazil’s stance on Greece’s rescue programme after its IMF representative, Paulo Nogueira Batista, abstained from a vote to approve the latest tranche of help for Athens.
In an interview with the Financial Times on Thursday, Mr Mantega said Brazil believed the International Monetary Fund-backed eurozone programmes needed to be overhauled to make them more realistic. “I think these programmes of fiscal adjustment created by Europe in general are excessive, they are very stringent,” he said.
August 2, 2013
David Bosco – Foreign Policy, 08/01/2013
Brazil’s representative at the International Monetary Fund, Paulo Nogueira Batista, made waves this week when he loudly criticized the latest round of international funding for Greece. Nogueira Batista reportedly abstained when the fund’s executive board approved the latest installment of the IMF loan package. Now the story gets more complicated. The Financial Times is reporting that Nogueira Batista wasn’t authorized to take the position he did (h/t Oliver Stuenkel):
“Brazil reversed its hardline stance on Greece’s bailout on Thursday, saying it had not authorised its representative to the International Monetary Fund to withhold support for the latest aid to Athens.
Guido Mantega, the country’s finance minister, said it was a “mistake” for Brazil’s representative, Paulo Nogueira Batista, to abstain on the €1.8bn tranche of aid. Mr Mantega said he fully supported the IMF’s efforts to supply financial aid to Greece.
“[Mr Nogueira Batista] did not consult the government, nor was he authorised by us to vote in this manner and the finance minister has ordered him to return to Brazil immediately to explain himself,” Brazil’s finance ministry said on Thursday.”
August 2, 2013
Alonso Soto – Reuters, 08/01/2013
Brazil called back its International Monetary Fund representative on Thursday after he voiced opposition to fresh loans for debt-ridden Greece, a stance that the South American country said was taken without its support.
Brazilian Finance Ministry Guido Mantega on Thursday phoned IMF managing director Christine Lagarde to clarify that its representative, Paulo Nogueira Batista, criticized additional aid for Greece without the authorization of the government.
Batista, who also represents 10 other nations at the Washington-based Fund, on Wednesday publicly criticized the IMF executive board’s recent decision to release 1.7 billion euros of rescue loans to Greece. Brazil abstained from the vote.
July 31, 2013
Anna Yukhananov & Harry Papachristou – Reuters, 07/31/2013
Eleven Latin American countries refused to back an IMF move this week to keep bankrolling Greece, citing risks of non-repayment, and the Fund itself said Athens might need faster debt relief from Europe.
The abstention by Latin American states from the IMF decision was revealed by their Brazilian representative in an unusual public statement on Wednesday, highlighting growing frustration in emerging nations with Fund policy to rescue debt-laden Europeans.
“Recent developments in Greece confirm some of our worst fears,” said Paulo Nogueira Batista, Brazil’s executive director at the IMF, who also represents 10 small nations in Central and South America and the Caribbean.
December 10, 2012
Randall Woods – Bloomberg Businessweek, 12/10/2012
International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde will likely outline the lender’s reversal of its decades-old opposition to capital controls on a five-day tour of Latin American this week, even as Brazil says the new position doesn’t go far enough.
In a Dec. 3 report, the IMF said targeted and temporary controls can be effective in preventing asset bubbles and currency rallies. Policy makers in Brazil, the largest economy in the region and the most aggressive in erecting such barriers, said the fund still shows a bias against controls, places too much emphasis on the benefits of capital flows and doesn’t hold rich nations accountable for fueling sudden liquidity surges.
Still, the IMF’s shift can give cover to countries that might consider enacting such controls, said Claudio Loser, a former Western Hemisphere director at the Washington-based fund.
November 21, 2012
Nicholas Larkin - Bloomberg Businessweek, 11/21/2012
Brazil raised its gold reserves for a second month in October to the highest level in more than 11 years as emerging nations from Kazakhstan to Russia boosted holdings by more than 40 metric tons.
Brazil’s holdings expanded 17.2 tons last month to 52.5 tons, the most since January 2001, according to data on the International Monetary Fund’s website. The country’s 1.7-ton purchase in September was the first since December 2008. Kazakhstan’s holdings increased 7.5 tons, Russia added 0.4 ton and Turkey’s reserves rose 17.5 tons, the data show. Germany, the second-biggest holder, after the U.S., cut gold holdings by 4.2 tons, the first reduction since June.
Central banks have been expanding reserves as the metal heads for a 12th straight annual gain and investors hold a record amount in bullion-backed exchange-traded products, data compiled by Bloomberg show. Nations bought 373.9 tons in the first nine months of the year and full-year additions will probably be in the “bottom end” of 450 to 500 tons, the London-based World Gold Council estimates.