July 31, 2014
Cihan News Agency, 7/31/2014
Brazilian Minister of Finance Guido Mantega has rebutted a report by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) where it rated Brazil among the emerging economies most vulnerable to external crises. In his remarks on Tuesday (July 29), he said economic indicators for the first half of 2014 show that foreign investors remain interested in the country, in spite of the US Federal Reserve (Fed) tapering its quantitative easing measures. The minister also noted that foreign direct investments – which create jobs in the country – have remained above $60 billion in 12 months for the fourth straight year. Moreover, Mantega said, the Brazilian real appreciated 9.4% in the first semester, and the São Paulo Stock Exchange (BOVESPA) was up 21.25% in the same period.
According to Mantega, the report was prepared by lower echelons of the IMF and repeats the same mistakes of earlier documents disclosed by financial institutions and international organizations that report a “perfect storm” for Brazil’s economy this year and place Brazil among the five weakest emerging countries. “The storm never came, the scenario described by the reports wasn’t fulfilled,” he said.
The minister pointed out that Brazil has the fifth largest international reserves in the world, around $380 billion. The sum exceeds the public and private external debt of $330 billion, enough to see Brazil through for a long time in the event of a shortage in foreign capital.
July 30, 2014
Sebastian Boyd – Bloomberg, 7/29/2014
The International Monetary Fund said Brazilian central bank President Alexandre Tombini shouldn’t shore up the real as Latin America’s largest economy stalls and inflation accelerates.
Adjusting for inflation, Brazil’s currency was 5 percent to 15 percent stronger than “implied by fundamentals and desirable policies” in 2013, IMF economists wrote in a research report published today. The real has appreciated 5.9 percent this year against the dollar while inflation accelerated to a 13-month high and economic growth slowed.
The central bank said last month it was extending through the end of 2014 a currency intervention program aimed at helping to boost the real and curb prices for imports. After nine consecutive increases in the target lending rate, policy makers held it at 11 percent on July 16 for a second straight meeting. The central bank didn’t return phone and e-mail messages seeking comment today.
July 15, 2014
Raymond Colitt and Arnaldo Galvao – Bloomberg, 7/14/2014
The leaders of five of the world’s largest emerging markets will showcase a new currency reserve fund and development bank this week. Critics say neither is enough to revive the group’s waning clout.
Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, known as the BRICS, will approve the creation of the $100 billion reserve fund and $50 billion bank at a July 15-16 summit in Brazil’s coastal city of Fortaleza and the capital Brasilia, President Dilma Rousseff and other officials said last week. Negotiators are still trying to agree on shareholding in the bank, according to three Indian officials who requested not to be named because the talks were not public. India wants member stakes to be based on contributions not on economic weight.
The initiatives are born out of frustration with a lack of participation in global governance, particularly in the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, said Arvind Subramanian, senior fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics. The measures aren’t big enough to boost growth or cohesion in the group as foreign investor sentiment sours and member states focus on issues close to home, such as Brazil’s elections, the conflict in Ukraine and new economic policy plans in India.
April 8, 2014
Sandrine Rastello – Bloomberg, 4/8/2014
Stronger U.S. growth this year and next will help the world economy withstand weaker recoveries in emerging markets including Brazil and Russia, the International Monetary Fund said.
The U.S. is providing a “major impulse” to global growth that’s still lumbering amid weakness in Japan and parts of Europe, the IMF said in a report today. While the U.K. and Germany are adding to momentum, developing nations face new risks and Russia’s takeover of Crimea last month injects geopolitical tension that’s “casting a pall” on the region, the fund said.
The IMF urged emerging markets to prepare for flows of capital back to advanced economies, and advised the European Central Bank that more monetary easing is needed now to keep deflation at bay. The U.S. will benefit from a longer period of record-low interest rates orchestrated by the Federal Reserve, strong private demand and the end of a fiscal drag that slowed growth last year, it said.
June 13, 2012
Luciana Otoni and Krista Hughes – Reuters, 06/13/2012
(Reuters) – Brazil raised the stakes ahead of next week’s Group of 20 summit on Tuesday by saying it may cap its contribution to a planned funding increase for the International Monetary Fund unless there are firm promises to give emerging markets more say at the international table.
While summit-host Mexico urged Europe to quickly finalize details of aid for Spain’s banks, Brazil said it might contribute less than it had planned to the extra $430 billion promised to the IMF by member states in April to help fund heavily indebted euro zone countries.
The euro zone sovereign debt crisis is set to dominate the June 18-19 G20 leaders’ meeting in Los Cabos as it did the last summit in Cannes, France, six months ago. The meeting starts a day after Greek elections which could decide whether the country stays in the euro zone.
February 27, 2012
BBC News, 02/27/2012
Brazil has said that developing nations would be happy to provide more money to ease the eurozone’s debt crisis, in return for more power within the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The comments were made by Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega as he met with his opposite numbers at a G20 meeting in Mexico.
He also called on eurozone countries to contribute more of their own funds.
December 2, 2011
Alonso Soto and Peter Murphy – Reuters, 12/02/2011
Brazil's Finance Minister Guido Mantega speaks during a news conference in Brasilia December 1, 2011. Credit: Reuters/Ueslei Marcelino
Major emerging economies will offer cash to help resolve Europe’s debt crisis so long as they gain influence at the IMF and Europe does more to address its own problems, Brazil’s economy chief said on Thursday.
European leaders are scrambling for a definitive end to a spreading debt crisis that is dragging down global growth and could even spell the end of the 17-nation euro zone.
Finance Minister Guido Mantega said Brazil and fellow BRICS nations were willing to boost their funding to the International Monetary Fund to counter the debt crisis, which is increasingly threatening their own economic growth.
November 7, 2011
Brazil will not contribute to a European rescue fund, although it is open to boosting the International Monetary Fund’s resources to deal with the debt crisis, President Dilma Rousseff said Friday.
“I have no intention at all to make direct contributions” to the European Financial Stability Facility, a rescue fund of 440 billion euros ($604 billion) which the EU is hoping to boost to 1.0 trillion euros.
“Why should we do it if they (the Europeans) are doing it?” she asked.
November 4, 2011
Gerald Jeffris – Dow Jones, 11/04/2011
Brazil is ready to offer aid to troubled countries in Europe through the International Monetary Fund, but needs to see more details about how a European aid package would be implemented before committing resources, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff told counterparts at the opening proceedings of a summit of the Group of 20 industrial and developing nations Thursday.
Brazilian government officials present at the meetings said the president told fellow heads of state that the current difficult moment in the world economy calls for “leadership, clear vision, and swift action.”
Rousseff also reiterated recent recommendations that measures taken by the G20 emphasize promotion of economic growth.
November 3, 2011
Gerald Jeffris – Dow Jones, 11/02/2011
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff is emphasizing her country’s position that solutions to European and global economic difficulties need to promote economic growth and employment, as she holds talks with key partners at a summit of G-20 leaders this week, government sources said.
Rousseff and top advisers Wednesday met with Chinese President Hu Jintao and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard in Cannes in an effort to fine tune their countries’ responses to an unfolding fiscal crisis in Europe. However, Brazil officials would not confirm whether the country and key BRICS counterparts would get on board to provide needed financial aid to ailing EU members.
BRICS members Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa have scheduled a meeting for Thursday to see if they can reach a coordinated position on the matter.