July 18, 2014
Brasil Post – 7/17/2014
Candidate for reelection in the race for the Planalto Palace, President Dilma Rousseff (PT) fluctuated two percentage points lower in the last study by Instituto Datafolha, revealed this Thursday (17), and she emerges now with 36% of intended votes. Second place in the first round simulation of the presidential elections, Aécio Neves (PSDB) remains with 20%, the same percentage obtained in the last study. Eduardo Campos (PSB), in turn, fluctuated from 9% to 8%.
For the first time, however, a technical draw was registered in a second round simulation. In a possible draw between Dilma Rousseff and Aécio Neves, the current president of the Republic would have 44% of the votes, compared to 40% for the Minas Gerais senator – there is a margin of error of two percentage points more or less. Yet with a possible second round against Eduardo Campos, Dilma would win 45% to 38%.
Based on Datafolha’s research, however, it is not possible to say if there would or would not be a second round if the race were today. Even though the rivals of Dilma, together, amounted to 36%, the same percentage as the PT candidate, the margin of error leaves open the possibility or not of the presidential election between at least two candidates. Read the rest of this entry »
July 2, 2014
Mark Bergfeld – RT, 7/1/2014
“We don’t need the World Cup. We need health and education,” hand-written placards say during the recent demonstrations against the FIFA World Cup in Brazil.
Envisaged to give Brazil’s economy a second wind, the spiraling costs of building modern-day temples has caused a veritable storm. While the protests have diminished in recent weeks and the beautiful game has taken over, the questions facing Brazilian society remain the same: Where and how is money spent in Brazilian society?
In Brazilian cities such as Porto Alegre citizens were allowed to democratically decide how their tax money was spent, and how their public services run through ‘participatory budgeting’ at the beginning of this century. Today, Lula’s successor Dilma Rousseff and her left-wing Workers’ Party (PT) have turned from people’s power to the power of hosting mega-events for the one per cent. And the FIFA and the IOC dictate their budgets – even beyond the gates of the Maracana Stadium. The human cost involved should not come as a surprise.
July 2, 2013
Kenneth Rapoza – Forbes, 07/01/2013
Recent polls by Datafolha in São Paulo suggest average Brazilians are fed up with the Workers’ Party (PT) and the anger falls on the shoulders of President Dilma Rousseff. Only 30% said they intended to vote for her in October 2014, down from around 51% in the last Datafolha survey.
Two weeks of protests have taken its toll on Dilma, and now she seems sure to head into a second round of voting during next year’s elections. Candidates that do not get 51% of the popular vote face a run off vote. Right now, it looks like former PT politician and ex-Environment Minister Marina Silva is in second place. She left PT years ago over disdain for corruption within the party. She joined the fledgling Green Party and then started an even more fledgling party called the Sustainability Party. In short, it is unlikely that Silva, who gets the vote of the young and green college students will beat Dilma in a second round next year. It is the economy that drives this country, not anger over corruption (even though Brazil has had its fill of it).
That brings the other major political party, the Social Democrats (PSDB), to the fore. They haven’t been in the Alvorado Palace in Brasilia since 2002 and would like it back. They are PTs biggest rival.
July 1, 2013
Paulo Sotero – Brazil Institute, 07/01/2013
As protests continued in Brazilian streets, three fourths of a sample of 4,717 voters interviewed last week by Datafolha in 196 cities said they want the prison sentences to take effect immediately against twelve people convicted last year of crimes of corruption in the so-called mensalão scandal to take effect immediately.
The case refers to a scheme set up by the administration of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (2003-2010) to buy votes in Congress by paying representatives a monthly stipend. After a lengthy national televised trial of the 37 people indicted, Brazil’s Supreme Court returned guilty verdicts against twenty five. Twelve of those received prison sentences – a novelty in Brazil, which is famous for the impunity its political and judicial systems have historically ensured to people in high places through a lengthy appeal process. Among the sentenced to jail terms are José Dirceu de Oliveira, Lula’s first chief of staff and policy coordinator, a former president of his Workers Party (PT) and a former Speaker of the House.
Political corruption was one of the targets of an unprecedented wave of protests that has swept Brazil for the past two and a half weeks and is likely to continue. Significantly, the support for executing the prison sentences returned in the mensalão scandal was uniformly high among voters of all stripes, including those who identified themselves as members or sympathizers of Lula’s Workers Party.
Paulo Sotero is the director of the Brazil Institute at the Wilson Center
Link to original Datafolha poll in Portuguese.
Photo courtesy of Flickr user Agencia Senado
June 26, 2013
Kenneth Rapoza – Forbes, 06/26/2013
Occupy Wall Street should take note. This is how it’s done. You take to the streets by the hundreds of thousands (maybe millions, by some estimates), demand bus fares get cut and the government hold corrupt politicians’ feet to the flame. Two weeks later and voila, you got it!
Popular BPOP +0.58% protest in general tends to be a long process of two steps forward and one step back. In the United States, for example, same sex marriage activists have been advocating for their cause for over a decade now, with strong opposition from the religious right. But on Wednesday, the Defense of Marriage Act was shot down by the Supreme Court. Marriage will not be defined as between a man and a women for federal purposes. That took years of protests to achieve.
But Brazil, for now, has a friendly government looking for re-election. The left wing Workers’ Party, mired by corruption and scandal all its own, has no doubt listened to the protesters who first took to the streets of Sao Paulo on June 13 to protest rising bus fares. Police over-reacted. Rubber bullets were fired. Fires were set. Reporters were maced and — like that old anti-World Bank protest from years ago — the world was watching.
June 20, 2013
Simon Romero -The New York Times, 06/19/2013
SÃO PAULO, Brazil — The protests were heating up on the streets of Brazil’s largest city last week, but the mayor was not in his office. He was not even in the city. He had left for Paris to try to land the 2020 World’s Fair — exactly the kind of expensive, international mega-event that demonstrators nationwide have scorned.
A week later, the mayor, Fernando Haddad, 50, was holed up in his apartment as scores of protesters rallied outside and others smashed the windows of his office building, furious that he had refused to meet with them, much less yield to their demand to revoke a contentious bus fare increase.
How such a rising star in the leftist governing party, someone whose name is often mentioned as a future presidential contender, so badly misread the national mood reflects the disconnect between a growing segment of the population and a government that prides itself on popular policies aimed at lifting millions out of poverty.
April 29, 2013
Vincent Bevins – Los Angeles Times, 04/25/2013
Shortly before Venezuela’spresidential election, former Brazilian PresidentLuiz Inacio Lula da Silva recorded a video supporting Nicolas Maduro, saying he had “stood out brilliantly in the struggle” for a more democratic Latin America.
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, who was endorsed by Lula in 2010, kept silent on the ultimately victorious candidacy of Maduro, the hand-chosen heir of the late leftist Venezuelan president, Hugo Chavez.
The difference in demeanor between the two Brazilian presidents was not surprising to Rousseff watchers. Since assuming office at the start of 2011, she has taken a much more muted approach to foreign policy than Lula, avoiding the type of activism that often annoyed the United States.
February 25, 2013
Gabriel Elizondo – Al Jazeera, 02/25/2013
There’s a case to be made that no country has lived through as much radical and fundamental positive change in the past 10 years as Brazil.
There has also been an evolution – of sorts – in what Brazilians want and need out of their president.
A decade ago Brazil was a country looking for a charismatic, larger-than-life figure who would lift millions from poverty, take the country to new economic heights, and rattle the cages of the world to take notice of the South American giant.
January 3, 2013
The Economist, 12/13/2012
The administration of President Dilma Rousseff and the ruling Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) have been put on the defensive following a new corruption scandal as well as recent fall-out from the largest corruption trial in Brazilian history, known as the mensalão (“big monthly stipend”), in which several PT officials have been sentenced to prison by the Supreme Court. Moreover, Brazil’s economy is struggling to recover from a slowdown that began in 2011, despite the government’s stimulus measures. Even though unemployment is at historically low levels, these developments threaten to erode Ms Rousseff’s popularity and complicate the political scene in 2013.
Political rivals from allied parties and the opposition also have begun to stir. In addition, the president faces a mobilisation of political forces in Congress which are opposed to her recent veto of parts of a controversial oil royalties bill. All this points to a more fluid political environment than previously expected in 2013, when Ms Rousseff will be preparing the ground for a re-election bid at the October 2014 elections.
In the latest corruption case, a federal police investigation code-named Porto Seguro has led to arrests and the indictment of several government officials, including the head of the president’s office in the state of São Paulo, Rosemary Nóvoa de Noronha; the deputy attorney-general, José Weber Holanda; and brothers Paulo Vieira and Rubens Vieira , who were political appointees at Brazil’s water and aviation regulatory agencies, respectively.