December 18, 2012
Michael Darden – Brazil Institute , 12/18/2012
The following is a the event summary for the Brazil Institute event held on 11/20/2012
As the administration of President Dilma Rousseff struggles to reverse the trend of declining rates of economic growth in an adverse global scenario, Brazil’s domestic outlook in 2013 will be impacted by the consequences of two major political events – municipal elections that took place in October and the Federal Supreme Tribunal’s unprecedented hearings of the largest political corruption trial in the country’s history, which concluded with guilty verdicts for 25 of the 37 people indicted. On November 20th, the Brazil Institute convened a panel of experts to analyze and give insight into the landmark events and assess political and social outcomes for the upcoming year.
David Fleischer, professor emeritus at the University of Brasilia, offered an overview of the elections of mayors and city council members in Brazil’s 5,568 municipalities and analyzed trends that emerged from the polls. In the first round of vote held on October 7 the turnout of over 140 million was 7.2 percent higher that of the previous elections held in 2008. The number of female candidates running for office also increased in the mayoral campaigns by 2.5 percent over a four year period, resulting in more women mayors in Brazil. Compared to 503 females that were elected in 2008, 674 will take office on January 1, 2013, or 12.2 percent of all mayoral positions. However, there was a significant decline in the number of female city council members elected, falling from 8.9 percent of the total in 2008 to 5.2 percent in 2012.
Another trend noticed by Fleischer, as well by other speakers, is the continued electability of incumbents. A majority, 67.5 percent, of mayors running for reelection in the largest cities were given another term. Within parties, 75 percent of those elected belong to seven parties, six of which have dominated mayoral races since 1996. The rise of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), led by the outgoing mayor of São Paulo Gilberto Kassab, was seen as not significant politically, since most of its members came out of the Democrats, formerly the Party of the Liberal Front, which has declined.
December 11, 2012
Paulo Sotero – CNN, 12/10/2012
This is the first in a series of entries looking at what we can expect in 2013. Each weekday, a guest analyst will look at the key challenges facing a selected country – and what next year might hold in store.
Editor’s note: Paulo Sotero is director of the Brazil Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, in Washington D.C. The views expressed are his own.
In her first two years as Brazil’s first female president, Dilma Rousseff did the improbable. A neophyte in elective politics seen by many as a mere extension of her revered predecessor and mentor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Rousseff is today more popular at home than her creator. Remarkably, she gained the trust of the Brazilian people while her economic team and policies lost investors’ confidence – GDP growth moved in the opposite direction of her approval rating, shrinking from 7.5 percent in 2010 to 2.7 percent in 2011, and somewhere around 1 percent this year.
May 7, 2012
Paulo Sotero – Revista CIDOB d’afers Internacionals, April 2012
ABSTRACT - Viewed by the Lula administration as a relic of the Cold War, the OAS was mostly viewed as an observation post. Diplomats were instructed to maintain a defensive stance and to prevent actions perceived as contrary to Brazilian interests. Indifference turned to ill-disguised anger, however, in the first months of the Dilma Rousseff administration, after the Inter-American Human rights Commission (IHRC) issued an injunction instructing Brazil to cease construction of the controversial Belo Monte Hydroelectric Power Plant. Brazil’s reaction included the recalling of its ambassador to the OAS. This has compounded the OAS’s existential problems by making the organization’s financial position even more precarious. If it goes unresolved, however, the clash could complicate Brazil’s strategy to assert its regional and global leadership as a champion of human rights and multilateralism.
*Article is in Spanish
April 19, 2012
William Sapp – Geopolitical Monitor, 04/12/2012
*Dr. Tedd Hewitt, a Public Policy Scholar with the Brazil Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, discusses Brazil-Canada relations.
Dr. Hewitt is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Western Ontario in London, Canada and Visiting Public Policy Scholar at the Brazil Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C.
In this 45 minute interview, Dr. Hewitt offers critical insight into Brazil’s role in the 21st century and its ascendency to global power. Dr. Hewitt addresses a wide spectrum of issues ranging from the history and shape of Brazilian-Canadian relations to what Canada can learn from Brazil’s technological advancement and expertise.
April 16, 2012
*Paulo Sotero, director of the Brazil Institute speaks to Linda Wertheimer on the Summit of the Americas
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff visited the White House this week, and the two nations are meeting again at this weekend’s Summit of the Americas. Guest host Linda Wertheimer speaks with Paulo Sotero, director of the Brazil Institute at the Woodrow Wilson Center, about developments in U.S.-Brazil relations.
Listen to the interview…
March 12, 2012
Please join the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Brazil Institute for
“A Conference on U.S.-Brazil Relations on the Eve of President Dilma Rousseff’s First Visit to Washington, D.C.”
Monday, March 12th, 2012
9:00 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
6th Floor Flom Auditorium
Watch the Live Webcast
Setting the Stage for the Visit
9:00 am – 10:00 am
Speakers: His Excellency Mauro Vieira, Ambassador of Brazil to the United States
The Honorable Roberta Jacobson, Acting-Assistant Secretary of State for the Western Hemisphere, Department of State
Daniel Restrepo, Senior Director for the Western Hemisphere, National Security Council
Leonardo Martinez-Diaz, Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Western Hemisphere, Department of Treasury
Chair: The Honorable Anthony Harrington, former U.S. Ambassador to Brazil and Chairman of the Brazil Institute Advisory Board
10:00 am -10:15 am
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