Brazil will be ready in time

Eric Farnsworth – The Miami Herald, 8/13/2015

Paraphrasing Ronald Reagan, there they go again. As Brazil readies to host the 2016 Olympic Summer Games one year from now, international observers have begun the countdown clocks and a familiar litany of complaints that are aired out before virtually every major worldwide sporting event.

Venues that will not be ready to host events. Infrastructure that can never be completed on time if at all. Community redevelopment projects that will remain on the drawing board. Security concerns and police over reaction. Cost overruns, debt accumulation, and corruption. Environmental clean-up and pollution control measures that are failing, endangering the health of athletes and spectators alike.

Hosting the Olympic Summer Games is not for the faint-hearted. It is a massive, risky, hugely expensive undertaking with increasingly questioned benefits. For approximately two weeks, cities and the nations they represent draw the eyes of the world, bringing the attention and anticipated revenue they might otherwise not have other opportunities to attract.

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Lava Jato Investigations will continue, as painful as it may be

Eliane Cantanhêde and Andreza Matais – O Estado de S.Paulo, 7/04/2015

Andre Dusek/Estadao

Photo by Andre Dusek/Estadao

A man of few words, the director-general of the Federal Brazilian Police, Leandro Daiello came out of anonymity to state, in an interview to Estado that no one will be exempt from the law. The ongoing investigations will proceed even if they lead to President Rousseff or former President Lula, he said. “We investigate facts, not people. Where those facts take us is a consequence of the investigation itself, as painful as it may be”.

Originally from the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, Daiello has been and director-general of the Brazilian equivalent to the FBI since 2011. He used the expression “as painful as it may be” three times during the interview, to make clear that the Federal Police is an independent institution with solid rules of conduct, and that investigations are to continue “with or without José Eduardo Cardozo as justice minister, and with or without Daiello leading the Federal Police”.

Continue reading “Lava Jato Investigations will continue, as painful as it may be”

Correcting Brazil’s police violence: the case of Rio’s Pacifying Police Units

Layne Vandenberg – Brazil Institute, 12/18/2014

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Widespread protests against police violence and racism have recently scattered the United States after the release of the Ferguson (Michael Brown) and Eric Garner grand jury decisions. While Americans grapple with the reality of police violence, other countries live deeply entrenched in this reality. Scholar Ignácio Cano says there is “a Ferguson every day” in Brazil, and the state of Rio de Janeiro has been trying out a new policing strategy in hopes of improving community-police relations in its slums, called favelas.

Between 2009 and 2013, Brazilian police killed more than 11,000 people, or about six people per day. The 2014 edition of the Brazil Public Security Yearbook also found that 53,646 homicides occurred in 2013, or one person every 10 minutes.

With the highest per capita rate of killing of any Brazilian state and 6,826 homicides per year between 1991 and 2007, the state of Rio de Janeiro is “comparable with urban areas of countries in civil war.” But Rio needed a quick solution for its violent reputation among the international crowd. Rio is home to Maracanã stadium, where several 2014 FIFA World Cup matches, including the final, were held and the city is the host of the upcoming 2016 Olympic games. So how do you change the face of a city and a state in time for the world’s two largest sporting events?

The Rio state government’s solution: pacification.

Continue reading “Correcting Brazil’s police violence: the case of Rio’s Pacifying Police Units”

Second Presidential Debate in Brazil’s Second Round Election Runoff

Layne Vandenberg – Brazil Institute, 10/16/2014

Presidential candidates Dilma Rousseff and Aécio Neves

Presidential candidates Dilma Rousseff and Aécio Neves

The second set of presidential debates between the incumbent President Dilma Rousseff of the Workers’ Party (PT) and Aécio Neves of the Social Democratic Party (PSDB) takes place tonight. This debate, following the first one last Tuesday (10/14), will hopefully begin to turn the tides of Brazilian voters in what Mauro Paulino, a Datafolha pollster, says is one of the most unpredictable elections in Brazil’s history.

After the first round of voting on October 5th, the candidates were narrowed down to two: Dilma Rousseff, who received 41.5% of the votes, and Aécio Neves, who received 31.5%. Third place runner-up, Marina Silva (PSB), who was anticipated to advance to the second round along with Rousseff because of her rapid rise after the death of Eduardo Campos, was left with only 21.3%. This past Sunday, Silva officially endorsed Neves, possibly posing herself as king maker of the election. Rousseff and Neves will compete in a second round runoff election on October 26th to determine the presidency. Continue reading “Second Presidential Debate in Brazil’s Second Round Election Runoff”

A vulnerable Rousseff will face a surging Neves in the final round

Paulo Sotero – Brazil Institute, 10/06/2014

Marina Silva, signaling support for the president’s opponent, could be the king maker

President Dilma Rousseff failed to secure an absolute majority of votes in the first ballot of Brazil’s elections and will face senator Aécio Neves, a popular former governor of the state of Minas Gerais, in a final round scheduled for Sunday October 26. Rousseff received 41.5% of the record 115 million votes cast, a weaker performance compared to the votes she received and thather predecessor President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva received in the first round of the previous three presidential election won by the Workers Party (PT). Neves, of the Social Democratic Party (PSDB) of former president Fernando Henrique Cardoso, surged in the final week of the campaign to obtain 33.5% of the votes and position himself as a strong challenger to Rousseff. Former senator Marina Silva, an environmentalist who led for a while in opinion polls, finished a distant third with 21.3% but may be the deciding voice in the race’s outcome.

Speaking to supporters Sunday evening, Marina, who remained neutral in 2010 when she ran for the Green Party and also came in third, indicated she will endorse Neves’ candidacy. “Brazil has signaled since 2010 it clearly disagrees with what we have,” she said, referring to the rule of the Workers’ Party, which was her political home for more than a quarter century.

Rousseff won in fifteen of Brazil’s 27 states, including in Neves’ Minas Gerais, by a narrow margin. Analysts attributed this result, however, more to the popularity of the Workers’ Party candidate for state governor, Fernando Pimentel, a former mayor of the capital city of Belo Horizonte, than to Rousseff’s performance. In September, Pimentel’s campaign removed the president’s picture from his ads, fearing the association with Rousseff would reduce his favoritism. The PSDB gubernatorial candidate , João Pimenta da Veiga, a dull politician, did not generate much enthusiasm among voters. In contrast, Neves’ campaign manager, former two-term governor Antonio Anastasia, was easily elected to the Senate, beating Josué Alencar , by a two to one margin. A close ally of Rousseff, Alencar is the son of the late vice-president of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva government.

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Paulo Sotero is the Director of the Brazil Institute at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

*Photo courtesy of Flickr users PSDB MG and Joao de Bourbon. 

Marina and Dilma: Outliers of women’s participation in Brazilian politics

Erica Kliment and Layne Vandenberg – Brazil Institute, 10/01/2014

The upcoming Brazilian presidential elections are likely to be decided between two women. The current president, Dilma Rousseff, became the first woman president of Brazil in 2010, and her adversary, former senator and environmental minister, Marina Silva, changed the outlook of the presidential elections when she accepted the presidential candidacy for the Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB) following the tragic death of former candidate, Eduardo Campos, in an unanticipated plane crash. Since the announcement of Marina’s candidacy, Dilma and Marina, as they are called in Brazil, have continued to fluctuate in the polls as the first round of elections, held on October 5th, approaches. Do the candidacies of President Dilma Rousseff and Marina Silva indicate that Brazil has finally emerged into an era of increased political participation of women?

Click on this infographic for more information on the topic.

Click on this infographic for more information on the topic.

According to statistics of women’s political participation in Brazil, Marina and Dilma appear to remain outliers. Although over 50% of the Brazilian electorate is female, the Inter-Parliamentary Union found that only 8.6% of the representatives from the Chamber of Deputies are female as of 2014, placing Brazil below the international average of 22.2%.

This is not to say, however, that Brazilian institutions have not attempted to increase female political participation. For over 20 years, Brazil has supported quotas to ensure women have a better chance of election. It is mandatory that 30% of all candidacy positions within each political party must be held by women. Although this quota has increased from its original 20%, it still falls short of other Latin American countries, such as Argentina and Bolivia, where 40% and 47% of national legislatures are female, respectively. These quotas may exist, but they are also associated with the concept of “candidatas laranjas” (orange candidates), who are used to fill the quota while also creating space for male candidates. An “orange candidate,” then, may not be truthfully elected for her political achievements and capabilities, but rather as a type of political surrogate. Continue reading “Marina and Dilma: Outliers of women’s participation in Brazilian politics”

The New Development Bank: The start of a new economic consensus?

Erica Kliment – Brazil Institute, 7/21/2014

2014 BRICS Summit in Brazil

The leaders at the 2014 BRICS Summit in Brazil

Is the rest of the world ready for a new order upheld by developing nations? In 2010, when former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva invited then-President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of Iran to the Itamaraty Palace in Brazil, the meeting was highly criticized by the Obama administration. Lula, who had seemed to enjoy international acclaim when dealing with regional politics, was then chastised when he had reached too far out of the western hemisphere. His response was that he was merely attempting to better situate Brazil on the global stage, yet could the criticism have come from the fact that larger power players did not believe Brazil was ready to graduate from the role of regional babysitter?

Four years later, with an unexpectedly successful World Cup under Brazil’s belt and planning on another fruitful mega-event in just two years, the Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, the developed world seems slightly more willing to accept developing nations’ role in the international sphere. Individually, these nations’ global clout is diminishing with slowing economic growth rates, yet collectively, they have the potential to create a new platform upon which they and future developing nations can flourish. Towards the close of the most recent BRICS Summit, five of those countries reached an agreement that, depending on its success, could bring developing nations one step closer to the position they desire – the forefront of international affairs.

During the 2014 BRICS Summit in Fortaleza, the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa jointly created the New Development Bank, a multinational fund of $150 billion in capital to provide stability and finance infrastructure for the five developing nations involved in the negotiations as well as future emerging markets. It will be headquartered in Shanghai with its first president from India, on a five-year rotating schedule, and with Brazil taking chairmanship of the board. Continue reading “The New Development Bank: The start of a new economic consensus?”