Jeffrey T. Lewis – The Wall Street Journal, 05/25/2016
SÃO PAULO—Brazil’s finance ministry named two experienced insiders as heads of state-controlled lenders Banco do Brasil SA and Caixa Econômica Federal, as the new government of acting President Michel Temer continues to put its own people in top positions.
Paulo Rogério Caffarelli was named president of Banco do Brasil, the biggest bank in the country by assets, and Gilberto Magalhães Occhi will be president of Caixa Econômica Federal. Mr. Caffarelli will replace Alexandre Abreu, and Mr. Occhi will replace Miriam Belchior, who had both been appointed by suspended President Dilma Rousseff.
Ms. Rousseff had to step aside two weeks ago to face an impeachment trial in the country’s Senate, and was replaced by her vice president, Mr. Temer, who named a new cabinet and put new people in charge of state-controlled companies including Petróleo Brasileiro SA, or Petrobras, and the BNDES state development bank.
Rogerio Jelmayer – The Wall Street Journal, 8/19/2015
Brazil’s government will use state-run banks to help out local industries that are suffering because of the country’s poor economy.
Banco do Brasil SA and Caixa Economica Federal, both state-controlled banks, will provide credit lines with lower interest rates for certain industries, mainly auto makers, the lenders said Wednesday.
Banco do Brasil will offer a new credit line worth 9 billion reais ($2.6 billion) to various sectors of the economy, including 3.1 billion reais for the auto sector. The bank didn’t say what other sectors will benefit from the program.
Guillermo Parra-Bernal and Aluísio Alves – Reuters, 8/5/2015
Aug 5 State-controlled Caixa Econômica Federal, Brazil’s largest mortgage lender, plans to further limit disbursements of home loans amid a severe reduction in outstanding savings deposits in Latin America’s largest economy.
Starting Aug. 17, borrowers will be barred from taking more than one loan funded with savings deposits, a move aimed at preserving Caixa’s depleting stock of savings deposits available for housing credit, the Brasilia-based lender said in a statement on Wednesday.
Currently, homeowners with a mortgage loan at Caixa can apply for an additional one, should their disposable income levels permit it. In recent months, Caixa has imposed additional restrictions on certain types of loans in the wake of a steep decline in savings as unemployment soared.
Rogerio Jelmayer – The Wall Street Jounal, 7/23/2015
Brazil’s state-owned lender Caixa Economica Federal plans to hold an initial public offering for its insurance subsidiary by the end of this year, as part of an effort to help the government improve its fiscal situation.
The bank is planning to sell as much as 25% of the unit in an operation that could generate up to 11.25 billion reais ($5 billion), said a person close to the plan, who declined to be named. A bank spokeswoman declined to comment for this report. Caixa is fully controlled by Brazil’s federal government.
Earlier this month, Caixa announced the creation of a holding company called Caixa Seguridade Participacoes, which will control certain insurance operations of the bank and be the subject of the IPO.
The Economist, 4/8/2014
“IN BRAZIL,” Pedro Malan, a former finance minister, likes to say, “even the past is unpredictable.” The dictum has come to haunt Itaú Unibanco, the advisory board of which Mr Malan chairs. The bank, along with Banco do Brasil and Spain’s Santander, awaits judgment by the supreme court over its actions a quarter of a century ago. Depositors claim the trio’s subsidiaries took advantage of government efforts to quash hyperinflation to fleece owners of inflation-linked accounts. If the justices side with depositors, other lenders that offered similar instruments may also be on the hook. The bill could reach 150 billion reais ($62 billion), according to the central bank.
The finance minister, Guido Mantega, and the central bank’s governor, Alexandre Tombini, have signed an open letter warning that a defeat for the banks may starve the economy of credit. (So did all their living predecessors, regardless of political or economic persuasion.) Such a decision might also prompt Banco do Brasil and Caixa Econômica Federal, which are state-controlled and between them hold roughly half of all savings accounts, to seek a government bail-out, denting Brazil’s already fragile public finances.
Walter Faiad of the Consumer Protection Institute, an outfit involved with the savers’ claims, argues that banks would lose closer to 15 billion reais, mainly because relatively few of their former depositors have the will and resources to go to court. Murilo Portugal, head of the Federation of Brazilian Banks (Febraban), which co-ordinates the industry’s legal strategy, counters that between 2005 and 2013, as the 20-year statute of limitations drew near, banks received as many as 1.4m claims. And the court may interpret some pending class actions brought by public prosecutors as representing all of the tens of millions of Brazilians who held a savings account at the time.
The Economist, 10/18/2013
IN THIS week’s print issue we wrote about the huge increase in government-subsidised credit in Brazil in recent years, funnelled through state-controlled institutions such as the national development bank, BNDES, and Caixa Econômica Federal, a state retail bank. This is weakening the banks’ balance-sheets and cutting their credit ratings—and damaging the credibility of official statistics as the government manoeuvres to try to hide the impact on its own finances.
On October 14th the finance minister signalled a change of course, saying that over the next few years the government would gradually stop capitalising BNDES with transfers from the treasury. But as we explained in print, the electoral appeal of cheap consumer credit and the government’s desire to use BNDES to fund a big upcoming infrastructure-concession programme make it doubtful that such good intentions will become reality.
Equally worrying for Brazil’s public finances is the news that the federal government is about to make it easier for states and municipalities to take on more debt. The Fiscal Responsibility Law of 2000 bailed out local governments who had taken on debts they could not repay, with one of the conditions being the acceptance of strict limits on total future indebtedness. The law is generally regarded as having been an essential precondition for Brazil’s subsequent economic stabilisation and growth, including keeping inflation under control, gaining investment-grade status, rescuing tens of millions from dire poverty and creating a vast new lower-middle class.
The Economist – 10/19/2013
IN 2008 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, then Brazil’s president, boasted that by the time the “tsunami” unleashed by Lehman Brothers’ collapse hit his country’s shores it would dwindle to a “little ripple”. The stimulus programme he put in place helped to carry Brazil through the credit crunch relatively unscathed. But five years later public money is still pumping into its economy, with ever more negative consequences. Public debt is rising. State banks are taking more of the credit market. And the government is warping accounting standards in its attempts to disguise all this.
Concerned that consumers are overstretched, private banks have held back on lending in recent years. But since 2008 the corporate loan book of BNDES, the national development bank, has grown by 24% annually, far above nominal-GDP growth of 11%. Caixa Econômica Federal, a state retail bank, has expanded lending by 42% annually for the past three years (see chart). By June state banks had 50.3% of all outstanding credit, up from 33% in 2008—the first time they passed the halfway mark since a wave of bank privatisations in 1999.