Rogerio Jelmayer – Fox Business/Dow Jones Newswires, 01/08/2013
Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer SA (ERJ, EMBR3.BR) has selected Pratt & Whitney’s new geared turbofan engine for its updated E-Jet line of regional planes, ahead of alternatives offered by General Electric Co. (GE) and Rolls Royce Group PLC, a senior company executive said on Tuesday.
The new engines will be used in a modernized version of the E-Jet family, with aircraft of between 70 and 120 seats, the first of which will be delivered in 2018, said Paulo Cesar Souza e Silva, head of commercial aviation at Embraer, in a telephone interview.
The win by Pratt displaces incumbent GE Aviation, which has delivered more than 2,000 engines on Embraer’s current family of regional jets.
The aging mayor of this crammed jungle city in the heart of the Amazon once handed out chainsaws to cut down the rainforest.
Now he throws around slogans to save it.
That legendary shift is part of a new attitude that’s driving a wave of innovation by Brazilian business and government. Those efforts are helping to slash deforestation to its lowest level on record, and have emboldened Brazilian leaders to seek a key role this week at global climate talks in Copenhagen.
“We must add economic value to the forest,” said Amazonas state Gov. Eduardo Braga, whose eco-subsidies, environmental endowment and plans to sell carbon credits to California have made the area around Manaus a public lab for sustainable forestry.
At the heart of this week’s summit debate is how much nations are willing to pay to slow deforestation, and what role Brazil will play in that effort.
“…Brazil, Indonesia and India have put offers on the table; others may come forward now that China has agreed to act. But the divide between rich and developing nations, let alone very poor countries, remains great. Further progress may depend on how much countries that have already reaped the benefits of industrialization — and contributed hugely to global warming — will be willing to ante up to help others adapt to climate change and reduce emissions. Brazil, for instance, has said it will protect its rainforests from clear-cutting and burning only if rich countries “pay the price.”
The German and Brazilian leaders called Thursday for the Copenhagen summit to agree on “all significant elements” of a new climate deal and produce a timetable for a legally binding agreement.
Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva conceded that “we won’t reach the agreement of our dreams in Copenhagen,” where the summit opens next week. However, he said after meeting German Chancellor Angela Merkel that he expects “important progress.”
Jeremy van Loon and Adriana Brasileiro-Bloomberg, 12/02/09
South America’s largest economy will make the forestry proposal at next week’s climate summit in Copenhagen, where about 190 countries are trying to establish new reductions in greenhouse-gas emissions, Environment Minister Carlos Minc said.
Brazil will support a United Nations plan to save trees provided industrialized nations agree to use a maximum of 10 percent of their emissions targets to invest in forest projects, Minc told reporters. Otherwise, richer countries may overuse the program at the expense of making carbon cuts at their own factories and power plants, he said.
“After five rounds of negotiations with the governors from the Amazon, we decided to incorporate REDD in our national proposal but under certain conditions,” the minister said yesterday in Brasilia, using the initials for the UN’s “reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation” plan.
World leaders set to gather in Copenhagen next month to draft a new accord on fighting climate change already admit the much-anticipated summit won’t produce a global treaty. There are too many disagreements among countries on how to reduce heat-trapping carbon emissions blamed for warming the planet.
So far, the Brazilian government has focused mostly on enforcement.
The Brazilian Amazon is arguably the world’s biggest natural defense against global warming, acting as a “sink,” or absorber, of carbon dioxide. But it is also a great contributor to warming. About 75 percent of Brazil’s emissions come from rainforest clearing, as vegetation burns and felled trees rot.
Advocates have long pressed to defend the world’s rain forests, to save animal and plant species, safeguard watersheds and protect indigenous people’s homelands. For Brazil, water vapor from the forest is also vital to its rainy climate. But the government now has another reason to protect the Amazon: A new global climate agreement is expected to reward countries for “avoided deforestation,” with cash or credits tradable on the global carbon market…
The event, hosted by Brazil Institute and Environmental Defense Fund, features Senator Marina Silva, Dr. Kenneth G. Lieberthal, and Raymond E. Vickery Jr.
The event covers the evolving domestic debates and international posture of these three emerging powers on climate change.
Marina Silva, a leader of the Brazilian environmental movement and former Minister of Environment of Brazil, recently left the Workers Party and is seen as a potential Green Party candidate for the Brazilian presidential elections of 2010. Kenneth G. Lieberthal, preeminent China scholar, served as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and senior director for Asia on the National Security Council from August 1998 to October 2000. Raymond E. Vickery Jr. is widely known for his work promoting U.S.-India economic cooperation and served as Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Trade Development, where he launched the U.S.-India Commercial Alliance. He is a former Wilson Center Public Policy Scholar.